Defending Planet Earth:

Defending Planet Earth:

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The United States spends approximately $4 million each year searching for near-Earth objects (NEOs). The objective is to detect those that may collide with Earth. The majority of this funding supports the operation of several observatories that scan the sky searching for NEOs. This, however, is insufficient in detecting the majority of NEOs that may present a tangible threat to humanity. A significantly smaller amount of funding supports ways to protect the Earth from such a potential collision or qmitigation.q In 2005, a Congressional mandate called for NASA to detect 90 percent of NEOs with diameters of 140 meters of greater by 2020. Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies identifies the need for detection of objects as small as 30 to 50 meters as these can be highly destructive. The book explores four main types of mitigation including civil defense, qslow pushq or qpullq methods, kinetic impactors and nuclear explosions. It also asserts that responding effectively to hazards posed by NEOs requires national and international cooperation. Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies is a useful guide for scientists, astronomers, policy makers and engineers.... R.W. Gaskell, T. Hashimoto, K. Hiraoka, T. Honda, T. Kubota, M. Matsuoka, T. Mizuno, R. Nakamura, D.J. Scheeres, and M. Yoshikawa. ... Planetary Defense Conference: Protecting Earth from Asteroids, Orange County, Calif. ... Available at http://www.nv.doe.gov/library/publications/historical/ DOENV_209_REV15.pdf.


Title:Defending Planet Earth:
Author: Space Studies Board, Committee to Review Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
Publisher:National Academies Press - 2010-06-21
ISBN-13:

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